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Martial Eagle
Similar Birds:
 Black Eagle
 Crowned Eagle
 Little Eagle
 African Hawk-Eagle
 Ayres's Hawk Eagle
 Long-Crested Eagle
 Rufous-Bellied Hawk Eagle

Martial Eagle
Photographer: Mara 1

Martial Eagle Range Map (Africa)
Martial Eagle Range Map (Africa)

Martial Eagle
Photographer: Dieter Holl from Watzmann Pictures

Latin Name Polemaetus bellicosus
Conservation Status Near Threatened
Location Africa
Colour Dark Grey/Black & White
Length 78 - 86 cms (31 - 34 inches)
Wingspan 1.9 - 2.6 m (6.2 - 8.5 ft)
Weight 3 - 6 Kgs (6.5 - 13 lbs)
Life Expectancy 14 Yrs

Main Characteristics

Martial Eagles are Africa's largest eagle and they are one of the largest species of eagle in the world. They have a body length between 78 and 86 cms (31 - 34 inches), a wingspan between 1.9 and 2.6 m (6.2 - 8.5 ft) and they weigh between 3 and 6 kgs (6.5 - 13 lbs).

They have a white abdomen with grey/black speckling and their head, tail and wings are dark grey/black.


Martial Eagles can be found in sub-Saharan Africa. They live in a variety of open habitats from semi-desert, steppes, to foothills and moderately forested areas.


Martial Eagles feed on gamebirds, hares, hyraxes, small antelopes, monitor lizards and other medium sized vertebrates.


Martial Eagles form monogamous pairs and they usually mate for life. Pairs tend to breed once every two years and the breeding season correlates with the dry season across their geographic range. Females lay 1 - 2 eggs and incubation takes approximately 45 - 50 days. Between 90 and 100 days after hatching the youngsters are ready to fledge.

The young eaglets are independent at 2 - 3 years old and they reach sexual maturity at 4 - 5 years of age.


Martial Eagles have no natural predators, except humans.


There are no subspecies of the Martial Eagle.

Interesting Facts

Martial Eagles are the only member of the genus Polemaetus.

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