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Philippine Eagle
Similar Birds:
 Philippine Serpent Eagle
 Mountain Serpent Eagle
 Crested Serpent Eagle
 Sulawesi Serpent Eagle
 Andaman Serpent Eagle
 Great Nicobar Serpent Eagle

Philippine Eagle
Photographer: Scorpious18

Philippine Eagle Range Map (Philippines)
Philippine Eagle Range Map (Philippines)

Latin Name Pithecophaga jefferyi
Conservation Status Critically Endangered
Location Philippines
Colour Dark Brown & White
Length 86 - 100 cms (34 - 39 inches)
Wingspan 2 m (6.6 ft)
Weight 4.5 - 8 Kgs (10 - 18 lbs)
Life Expectancy 30 - 60 Yrs

Main Characteristics

Philippine Eagles are one of the world's rarest birds of prey. This huge eagle has a body length between 86 and 100 cms (34 - 39 inches), a wingspan of approximately 2 m (6.6 ft) and they weigh between 4.5 and 8 kgs (10 - 18 lbs).

They have a white belly and underwing and their upper parts are rich brown with pale edged feathers. They have long, dark brown feathers on their head and nape which form a distinctive crest. They have strong, yellow legs with powerful claws and a large, high-arched, blue-grey bill.


Philippine Eagles are endemic to the Philippines and they inhabit dipterocarp forests. A pair will have a territory between 60 and 130 sq. kms.


Philippine Eagles feed on a variety of animals, such as rats, snakes, small deer, birds, bats, flying lemurs, palm civets, flying squirrels and monkeys, and it snatches them in a low-level attack.


Philippine Eagles mate for life and a pair will breed once every two years. The breeding season is between October and December and 1 - 2 eggs are laid. Incubation takes approximately 60 days and the youngsters are ready to fledge at 7 - 8 weeks old.

The young eaglets are independent at 5 months old and females reach sexual maturity at 3 - 5 years and males at 4 - 7 years of age.


Philippine Eagles have no natural predators, except humans.


There are no subspecies of the Philippine Eagle.

Interesting Facts

Philippine Eagles are also known as:
Monkey-Eating Eagle

Philippine Eagles are threatened by habitat destruction and hunting. Attempts are being made to breed them in captivity.

The Philippine eagle was officially declared the national bird of the Philippines on 4th July 1995.

The Philippine Eagle has been featured on at least 12 stamps from the Philippines dating from 1967 to 2007. It was also depicted on the 50 centavo coin, minted from 1981 to 1994.

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