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Andean Cock-of-the-rock

Similar Birds:
 Guianan Cock-of-the-rock

Male Andean Cock-of-the-rock
Photographer: Frank Wouters

Female Andean Cock-of-the-rock
Photographer: chdwckvnstrsslhm

Andean Cock-of-the-rock Range Map (South America)
Andean Cock-of-the-rock Range Map (South America)
Latin Name Rupicola peruvianus
Conservation Status Least Concern
Location South America
Colour Orange & Black - Male
Chestnut - Female
Length Approx 30 cm (12 inches)
Wingspan -
Weight -
Life Expectancy - Yrs

Main Characteristics

The Andean Cock-of-the-rock is a medium sized bird that measures approximately 30 cms (12 inches) in length. Males have brilliant orange plumage and a large disc-like crest. Their tails and wings are black in colour and their wings have a row of pale grey feathers along the inside edge, so when they are folded they appear to have stripes down their back. Females are chestnut in colour and they have a much shorter crest.

Throughout the year males practice an elaborate dance which is performed to attract females. Groups of males and females congregate at a lek, which is like an arena where the dance is performed. The top performing male gains a large proportion of females to mate with.


The Andean Cock-of-the-rock can be found in the cloud forests of the Andes in South America. They live at altitudes between 485 and 2,440 m (1,590 - 8,000 ft.


The Andean Cock-of-the-rock mainly feeds upon a variety of fruit but they also eat insects.


Females construct their nest from mud and plant material on the walls of rocks, and they lay 2 eggs each year. After about 28 days the eggs hatch, but due to their energetic dancing, males do not take part in rearing the young.


Predators of the Andean Cock-of-the-rock include birds of prey, mountain lions, jaguars and snakes.


Subspecies of the Andean Cock-of-the-rock are:

Rupicola peruvianus aequatorialis

Rupicola peruvianus peruvianus

Rupicola peruvianus sanguinolentus

Rupicola peruvianus saturatus

Interesting Facts

The Andean Cock-of-the-rock is the national bird of Peru.

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