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Guanaco Range Map (S America)
Guanaco Range Map (S America)


Latin Name Lama guanicoe
Conservation Status Least Concern
Location South America
Colour Pale to Dark Brown
Length 0.9 - 2.1 m (3 - 7 ft)
Tail 24 - 27 cms (9.5 - 10.5 inches)
Weight 96 - 130 kgs (210 - 290 lbs)
Life Expectancy 20 - 25 Yrs

Main Characteristics

Guanacos are camelids that are native to South America. They have a body length between 0.9 and 2.1 m (3 - 7 ft), a tail length between 24 and 27 cms (9.5 - 10.5 inches) and they weigh between 96 and 130 kgs (210 - 290 lbs).

They are pale to dark brown in colour with a pale chest, belly and inner legs. Their head is grey and they have large eyes and small, straight ears.


Guanacos can be found in the arid, mountainous regions of South America. They prefer grasslands but can also be found in scrub and forested areas at altitudes up to 4,000 m (13,123 ft).

Typically they live in family groups consisting of a male and 4 - 7 females with young. As the youngsters mature they leave the group and young males form bachelor bands, where as old males tend to lead a solitary lifestyle.


Guanacos feed on grasses, shrubs, lichens and fungi.


Mountain lions are the main predators of Guanacos.


There are no subspecies of Guanaco.

Interesting Facts

Young Guanacos are called chulengos.

Guanaco is pronounced "gwa NAH ko"

Similar Animals

Bactrian Camel
Dromedary Camel


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