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Island Fox

Island Fox

Island Fox Range Map (Channel Islands of California, USA)
Island Fox Range Map
(Channel Islands of California, USA)

Island Fox Kit
Island Fox Kit
Latin Name Urocyon littoralis
Conservation Status Critically Endangered
Location USA
Colour Grey
Length 48 - 50 cms (19 - 20 inches)
Tail 11 - 29 cms (4.3 - 11.4 inches)
Weight 1 - 3 Kgs (2.2 - 6.6 lbs)
Life Expectancy

4 - 6 Yrs (Wild)
Up to 10 Yrs (in Captivity)

Main Characteristics

Island Foxes are the smallest species of fox in the USA and the second smallest species of fox, after the fennec fox. They have a body length between 48 and 50 cms (19 - 20 inches), a tail length between 11 and 29 cms (4.3 - 11.4 inches) and they weigh between 1 and 3 kgs (2.2 - 6.6 lbs).

They are grizzled grey in colour with a pale underside and rust coloured markings. Their tail has a black stripe on its dorsal surface.


Island Foxes can be found in a variety of habitats on six of the channel islands off the coast of southern California.


Foxes feed on small mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, eggs and fruit.


After a gestation period of 50 - 63 days, Island Foxes give birth to 1 - 5 kits in a den. They are weaned at 9 weeks and they reach sexual maturity at 10 months old.


The main predators of Island Foxes are birds of prey, particularly golden eagles.


Subspecies of the Island Fox include:

Urocyon littoralis littoralis - San Miguel Island
Urocyon littoralis santarosae - Santa Rosa Island
Urocyon littoralis santacruzae - Santa Cruz Island
Urocyon littoralis dickeyi - San Nicolas Island
Urocyon littoralis catalinae - Santa Catalina
Urocyon littoralis clementae - San Clemente Island

Interesting Facts

Island Foxes are also known as:
Coast Fox
Short-Tailed Fox
Island Grey Fox
Island Gray Fox
Channel Islands Fox
Channel Islands Grey Fox
Channel Islands Gray Fox
California Channel Island Fox
Insular Grey Fox
Insular Gray Fox

Similar Animals

South American Grey Fox
Darwin's Fox
Culpeo Fox
Sechuran Fox
Pampas Fox
Grey Fox
Hoary Fox
Crab-Eating Fox


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