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Beech Marten

Beech Marten

Beech Marten Range Map (Europe & Asia)
Beech Marten Range Map (Europe & Asia)
Attribution: IUCN, species assessors & spatial data authors

Latin Name Martes foina
Conservation Status Least Concern
Location Europe & Asia
Colour Brown
Length 42 - 48 cms (16.5 - 19 inches)
Tail 26 cms (10 inches)
Weight 1.5 - 2.5 Kgs (3.25 - 5.5 lbs)
Life Expectancy

10 Yrs

Main Characteristics

Beech Martens have a body length between 42 and 48 cms (16.5 - 19 inches), a tail of approximately 26 cms (10 inches) and they weigh between 1.5 and 2.5 kgs (3.25 - 5.5 lbs). They are brown in colour with a pale throat patch.


Beech Martens are found in open forested areas and rocky out croppings throughout Europe and in western and central Asia. They can often be found near areas of human habitation where they make dens in buildings, otherwise natural dens sites include tree hollows, rock crevices or abandoned burrows.

They are mainly solitary and their territory can be up to 80 hectares (200 acres) in size.


Beech Martens are omnivores and they feed on smaller mammals, eggs and fruit.


Beech Martens breed between June and August and after a gestation period of 7.5 - 9 months, which includes a 6.5 - 8 month period of delayed implantation, 2 - 4 young are born.

The young are weaned at 2 months and they are independent when they reach a year old. They reach sexual maturity at 15 - 27 months old.


Predators of Beech Martens include red foxes, birds of prey and owls.


Subspecies of Beech martens include:

Martes foina bosniaca
Martes foina bunites
Martes foina foina
Martes foina intermedia
Martes foina kozlovi
Martes foina mediterranea
Martes foina milleri
Martes foina rosanowi
Martes foina syriaca
Martes foina toufoeus

Interesting Facts

Beech Martens are also known as:
Stone Marten
House Marten

Similar Animals

European Pine Marten
American Marten
Nilgiri Marten
Japanese Marten
Yellow-Throated Marten


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