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American Mink

American Mink

American Mink Native Range Map (North America)
American Mink Native Range Map
(North America)
Attribution: IUCN, species assessors & spatial data authors

Latin Name Neovison vison
Conservation Status Near Threatened
Location Native: Canada & USA
Introduced: Europe & Asia
Colour Dark Brown
Length 30 - 54 cms (12 - 21.5 inches)
Tail 14 - 21 cms (5.5 - 8.5 inches)
Weight 0.7 - 2 Kgs (1.25 - 4.5 lbs)
Life Expectancy

10 Yrs

Main Characteristics

American Mink have a body length between 30 and 54 cms (12 - 21.5 inches), a tail length between 14 and 21 cms (5.5 - 8.5 inches) and they weigh between 0.7 and 2 kgs (1.25 - 4.5 lbs). They are usually dark brown in colour but occasionally they can be grey/blue.


American Mink are native to Canada and the USA but populations have been introduced into Europe and Asia. They prefer forested areas close to water and they are solitary animals.


American Mink are opportunistic predators and they mainly feed on rats, rabbits, birds, fish, frogs and crayfish.


After a gestation period of 40 - 75 days, 3 - 6 young are born in a den. They are weaned at 6 weeks old and become independent between 6 and 10 months.

American Mink reach sexual maturity at 10 months old.


Predators of American Mink include bobcats, coyotes, great horned owls and wolves.


Subspecies of American Mink include:

Neovison vison aestuarina
Neovison vison aniakensis
Neovison vison enerqumenos
Neovison vison evagor
Neovison vison evergladensis
Neovison vison ingens
Neovison vison lacustris
Neovison vison letifera
Neovison vison lowii
Neovison vison lutensis
Neovison vison melampeplus
Neovison vison mink
Neovison vison nesolestes
Neovison vison vison
Neovison vison vulgivaga

Interesting Facts

Similar Animals

European Mink
Black-Footed Ferret
Least Weasel
Long-Tailed Weasel
Siberian Weasel
Tropical Weasel
Mountain Weasel


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