European Rabbit

European Rabbit

European Rabbit

European Rabbit
Photographer: JJ Harrison

European Rabbit Range Map (Europe, Africa, S America, Australia & New Zealand)
European Rabbit Range Map (Europe, Africa,
S America, Australia & New Zealand)
Red = Native, Pink = Introduced
Created By: Carlosblh
Latin Name Oryctolagus cuniculus
Conservation Status Near Threatened
Location Europe, NW Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Southern S America
Colour Grey/Brown
Length 34 - 50 cms (13.5 - 20 inches)
Tail 4 - 8 cms (1.6 - 3.25 inches)
Weight 1 - 2.5 Kgs (2.25 - 5.5 lbs)
Life Expectancy Up to 9 Yrs

Main Characteristics

European Rabbits have a body length between 34 and 50 cms (13.5 - 20 inches), a tail length between 4 and 8 cms (1.6 - 3.25 inches) and they weigh between 1 and 2.5 kgs (2.25 - 5.5 lbs). They are grey brown in colour with a pale coloured underside.


European Rabbits are found throughout Europe and in north west Africa. They have been introduced to Australia, New Zealand and South America. They inhabit heathland, grassland, woodland, open meadows and the edges of agricultural land.


European Rabbits feed on a wide range of vegetation including agricultural crops, cereals, cabbages and young trees. During the winter months they eat grasses, bulbs and bark.


European Rabbits breed throughout they year and they will produce several litters annually with most being born between February and August. After a gestation period of 28 - 33 days, they will give birth to 3 - 12 young.

The youngsters are weaned after 28 days and they reach sexual maturity at 4 months old.


Predators of the European Rabbit include cats, dogs, mustelids, birds of prey and owls.


Subspecies of the European Rabbit are:

Oryctolagus cuniculus algirus
Oryctolagus cuniculus brachyotus
Oryctolagus cuniculus cnossius
Oryctolagus cuniculus cuniculus
Oryctolagus cuniculus habetensis
Oryctolagus cuniculus huxleyi

Interesting Facts

The European Rabbit is the ancestor of all domestic rabbits.

European rabbits are also known as:
Common Rabbit

Similar Animals

Bunyoro Rabbit
Riverine Rabbit

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